nLab
Dirac field

Contents

Context

Fields and quanta

field (physics)

standard model of particle physics

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
baryonsnucleons:
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadron (bound states of the above quarks)

solitons

minimally extended supersymmetric standard model

superpartners

bosinos:

sfermions:

dark matter candidates

Exotica

auxiliary fields

Spin geometry

Contents

Idea

In physics, specifically in field theory, a Dirac field is an electromagentially charged and possibly massive a fermionic spinor field.

This includes fermions in the standard model of particle physics, such as electrons, quarks, neutrinos and muons, after the Higgs mechanism has equipped them with mass.

Mathematically, the Dirac field is the field whose field bundle is a spinor bundle with typical fiber a Dirac representation in odd super-degree and whose equation of motion is a Dirac equation.

Notice that there are other spinor fields which would not be called “Dirac fields”, such as those transforming in a Majorana representation or a Weyl representation, or for example the gravitino field which would be called a Rarita-Schwinger field.

Reference

A concise collection of the details over Minkowski spacetime is in

with background on spinor fields in

A textbook account in the context of causal perturbation theory is in

Last revised on May 7, 2020 at 13:06:43. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.