The Center for Quantum and Topological Systems (nyuad.nyu.edu/L.cqts) is a Research Center, launched in 2022, within the Research Institute of New York University in Abu Dhabi.
CQTS hosts cross-disciplinary research on topological quantum systems, such as topological phases of matter understood via holography and using tools from algebraic topology, ultimately aimed at addressing open questions in topological quantum computation. A unifying theme is the use of new methods from (persistent) Cohomotopy (aka framed Cobordism, aka absolute $\mathbb{F}_1$-algebraic K-theory) and generalized Twisted Equivariant Differential (TED) cohomology, developed in string theory.
Homotopical perspectives on Topological data analysis
Organizers: Sadok Kallel and Hisham Sati
Schedule for 02 June 2022:
15:00 - 16:00 GST/UTC+4
Ling Zhou (The Ohio State University, USA)
Persistent homotopy groups of metric spaces
By capturing both geometric and topological features of datasets, persistent homology has shown its promise in applications. Motivated by the fact that homotopy in general contains more information than homology, we study notions of persistent homotopy groups of compact metric spaces, together with their stability properties in the Gromov-Hausdorff sense. Under fairly mild assumptions on the spaces, we proved that the classical fundamental group has an underlying tree-like structure (i.e. a dendrogram) and an associated ultrametric. We then exhibit pairs of filtrations that are confounded by persistent homology but are distinguished by their persistent homotopy groups. We finally describe the notion of persistent rational homotopy groups, which is easier to handle but still contains extra information compared to persistent homology.
16:00 - 17:00 GST/UTC+4
Wojciech Chacholski (KTH, Sweden)
Realisations of Posets
My presentation is based on an article with the same title coauthored with A. Jin and F. Tombari (arXiv:2112.12209).
Encoding information in form of functors indexed by the poset of $r$-tuples of real numbers (persistence modules) is attractive for three reasons:
a) metric properties of the poset are essential to study distances on persistence modules
b) the poset of $r$-tuples of real numbers has well behaved discrete approximations which are used to provide finite approximations of persistence modules
c) the mentioned discretizations and approximations have well studied algebraic and homological properties as they can be identified with multi graded modules over polynomial rings.
In my talk I will describe a construction called realisation, that transforms arbitrary posets into posets which satisfy all three requirements above and hence are particularly suitable for persistence methods.Intuitively the realisation associates a continuous structure to a locally discrete poset by filling in empty spaces. For example the realisation of the poset of natural numbers is the poset of non-negative reals. I will focus on illustrating how homological techniques, such as Koszul complexes, can be used to study persistence modules indexed by realisations.
17:30 - 18:30 GST/UTC+4
Grégory Ginot (Université Paris 13, France)
Homotopical and sheaf theoretic point of view on multi-parameter persistence.
In this talk we will highlight the study of level set persistence through the prism of sheaf theory and a special type of 2-parameter persistence: Mayer-Vietoris systems and a pseudo-symetry between those. This is based on joint work with Berkouk and Oudot.
18:30 - 19:30 GST/UTC+4
Rick Jardine (University of Western Ontario, Canada)
Thoughts on big data sets
This talk describes work in progress. The idea is to develop methods for analyzing a very large data sets $X \subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ in high dimensional spaces. There are well-known pitfalls to avoid, including the inability to computationally analyze TDA constructions for $X$ on account of its size, the “curse of high dimensionality”, and the failure of excision for standard TDA constructions. We discuss the curse of high dimensionality and define a hypercube metric on $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ that may lessen its effects. The excision problem for the Vietoris-Rips construction can be addressed by expanding the TDA discussion to filtered subobjects $K$ of Vietoris-Rips constructions. Unions of such subobjects satisfy excision in path components (clusters) and homology groups, by classical results. The near-term goal is to construct, for each data point $x$, a “computable” filtered subcomplex $K_{x} \subset V(X)$ with $x \in K_{x}$, which would capture spatial local behaviour of the data set $X$ near $x$. A large (but highly parallelizable) algorithm finds a nearest neighbour, or a set of $k$-nearest neighbours for a fixed data point $x \in X$. Some variant of this algorithm may lead to a good construction of the local subcomplex $K_{x}$.
12-15 Jan 2023
M-Theory and Mathematics 2023 – Classical and Quantum Aspects
on M-theory (non-perturbative string theory and related quantum field theories)
$\phantom{-----}$ [logo adapted from JMP 62 (2021) 042301]
24 Feb 2023
CQTS and TII Workshop 2023
joint workshop with the Quantum Research Center (QRC) at the Technology Innovation Institute (TII) in Abu Dhabi
on quantum materials, quantum computation and quantum programming
9:00 - 9:05
Welcome
9:05 - 9:15
Introduction to Quantum Physics @ TII
9:20 - 9:45
9:50 - 10:10
Coherence of confined matter in lattice gauge theories at the mesoscopic scale
10:15 - 10:40
Break: 10:40 - 11:10
11:10 - 11:15
Intro to Quantum Algorithms @TII
11:20 - 11:50
11:55 - 12:25
Egor Tiunov:
Quantum-inspired algorithms
12:30 - 13:00
Thais de Lima Silva:
Quantum algorithms: Quantum Signal Processing
Lunch: 13:00 – 2:15
14:15 - 14:25
Introducing research and researchers @CQTS
14:30 - 14:50
Quantum information processing via NLS
15:00 - 15:20
Tuning topological quantum materials
15:30 - 15:50
Verified quantum programming with linear HoTT
Break: 3:50-4:20 pm
4:20 - 4:40
Topological Quantum field theory for TQC
16:50 - 17:10
Topological Qubits from Anyons
17:20 - 17:50
Towards verified hardware-aware topological quantum programming
15-18 Mar 2023
Geometric/Topological Quantum Field Theories and Cobordisms (webpage)
on functorial quantum field theory, knot homology and cobordism theory/cobordism categories/cobordism hypothesis
$\phantom{-----}$ [logo adapted from arXiv:2103.01877]
$\;\;$
Mee Seong Im, Mikhail Khovanov, Vivek Singh, Sergei Gukov, Anna Beliakova, Khaled Qazaqzeh
Domenico Fiorenza, Carlo Collari, Sadok Kallel, Nafaa Chbili, Christian Blanchet, David Jaz Myers
$\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;$ Nitu Kitchloo, Daniel Berwick-Evans, Adrian Clough
Sachin Valera, Alonso Perez-Lona, Urs Schreiber $\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;$ Daniel Grady, Christoph Schweigert
$\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;$ Hisham Sati, Konrad Waldorf, Dmitri Pavlov
Mikhail Khovanov (Columbia University):
Universal construction, foams and link homology
cf.: arXiv:1808.09662, arXiv:2011.11077
In this series of three talks we will explain the foam approach to link homology. Bigraded link homology theories categorify the Jones polynomial and other Reshetikhin-Turaev link invariants, such as the HOMFLY-PT polynomial. Foams, which are polyhedral 2D complexes embedded in 3-space allow to construct state spaces for planar graphs which are then used to define link homology groups. The most explicit and efficient way to define graph state spaces is via evaluation of the closed foams (Robert-Wagner formula).
A) This formula will be first explained in the less technical unoriented $SL(3)$ case. Resulting graph state spaces are then related to the Four-Color Theorem and Kronheimer-Mrowka homology for 3-orbifolds.
B) A step in that construction requires building a topological theory (a lax TQFT) from an evaluation of closed objects, such as closed $n$-manifolds. We will explain the setup for topological theories, including in two dimensions, recovering the Deligne categories and their generalizations. In one dimension and adding defects, these topological theories are related to noncommutative power series, pseudocharacters, and, over the Boolean semiring, to regular languages and automata.
C) Robert-Wagner $GL(N)$ foam evaluation and its application to constructing link homology theories will be explained as well.
Nitu Kitchloo (John Hopkins University):
Symmetry breaking and homotopy types for link homologies
cf.: arXiv:1910.07443, arXiv:1910.07444, arXiv:1910.07516
video: YT
I will describe how the spaces that record symmetry breaking data in a $U(n)$-gauge theory (for arbitrary $n$) can be used to construct homotopy types that are invariants for links in $\mathbb{R}^3$. In particular, I will show how one may recover Khovanov-Rozansky link homology and $\mathfrak{sl}(n)$ link homology by evaluating this homotopy type under suitable cohomology theories.
Sergei Gukov (DIAS, Dublin and Caltech)
Machine learning and hard problems in topology
cf.: arXiv:2010.16263
slides: pdf
video: YT
Nils Carqueville (University of Vienna):
Truncated Rozansky-Witten models as extended defect TQFTs
cf.: arXiv:2201.03284
video: YT
According to the cobordism hypothesis with singularities, fully extended topological quantum field theories with defects are equivalently described in terms of coherent full duality data for objects and (higher) morphisms as well as appropriate homotopy fixed point structures. We discuss the 2-dimensional oriented case in some detail and apply it to truncated affine Rozansky-Witten models, which are under very explicit computational control. This is joint work with Ilka Brunner, Pantelis Fragkos, and Daniel Roggenkamp.
Arun Debray (Purdue University):
Twisted string bordism and a potential anomaly in $E_8 \times E_8$ heterotic string theory
cf.: arXiv:2210.04911
video: YT
Quantum field theories can have an inconsistency called an anomaly, formulated as an invertible field theory in one dimension higher. Theorems of Freed-Hopkins-Teleman and Freed-Hopkins classify invertible field theories in terms of bordism groups. In this talk, I’ll apply this to the low-energy approximation of $E_8 \times E_8$ heterotic string theory; Witten proved anomaly cancellation in a restricted setting, but we perform a twisted string bordism computation to show that the relevant group of 11-dimensional invertible field theories does not vanish, and therefore there could be an anomaly in $E_8 \times E_8$ heterotic string theory. Standard computational techniques for twisted string bordism do not work for this problem; I will also discuss work joint with Matthew Yu using Baker-Lazarev’s R-module Adams spectral sequence to simplify a large class of twisted spin and string bordism computations.
Matthew Young (Utah State University):
Non-semisimple TFT and $U(1 \vert 1)$ Chern-Simons theory
cf.: arXiv:2210.04286 and super Chern-Simons theory
slides: pdf
video: YT
Chern-Simons theory, as introduced by Witten, is a three dimensional quantum gauge theory associated to a compact simple Lie group and a level. The mathematical model of this theory as a topological field theory was introduced by Reshetikhin and Turaev and is at the core of modern quantum topology. The goal of this talk is to explain a non-semisimple modification of the construction of Reshetikhin and Turaev which realizes Chern-Simons theory with gauge supergroup $U(1\vert 1)$, as studied in the physics literature by Rozansky-Saleur and Mikhaylov. The key new algebraic structure is a relative modular structure on the category of representations of the quantum group of $\mathfrak{gl}(1\vert 1)$. Based on joint work with Nathan Geer.
Mee Seong Im (United States Naval Academy):
Correspondence between automata and one-dimensional Boolean topological theories and TQFTs
cf.: arXiv:2301.00700
video: YT
Automata are important objects in theoretical computer science. I will describe how automata emerge from topological theories and TQFTs in dimension one and carrying defects. Conversely, given an automaton, there’s a canonical Boolean TQFT associated with it. In those topological theories, one encounters pairs of a regular language and a circular regular language that describe the theory.
Alexander Schenkel (University of Nottingham):
Quantum field theories on Lorentzian manifolds
cf.: arXiv:2208.04344 and homotopical AQFT
slides: pdf
video: YT
This talk provides an introduction and survey of recent developments in algebraic QFT on Lorentzian manifolds. I will outline an axiomatization of such QFTs in terms of operad theory and illustrate this formalism through classification results in low dimensions. One of the central axioms is a certain local constancy condition, called the time-slice axiom, that encodes a concept of time evolution. Using model categorical localization techniques, I will show that this i.g. homotopy-coherent time evolution admits a strictification in many relevant cases. I will conclude this talk by explaining similarities and differences between algebraic QFT and other approaches such as factorization algebras and functorial field theories.
Konrad Waldorf (University of Greifswald):
The stringor bundle
cf.: arXiv:2206.09797
video: YT
The stringor bundle plays the role of the spinor bundle, but in string theory instead of quantum mechanics. It has been anticipated in pioneering work of Stolz and Teichner as a vector bundle on loop space. I will talk about joint work with Matthias Ludewig and Peter Kristel that provides a fully rigorous and neat presentation of the stringor bundle as an associated 2-vector bundle, via a representation of the string 2-group on a von Neumann algebra.
Domenico Fiorenza (Sapienza University of Rome):
String bordism invariants in dimension 3 from $U(1)$-valued TQFTs
cf.: arXiv:2209.12933
pdf: pdf
video: YT
The third string bordism group is known to be $\mathbb{Z}/$24. Using Waldorf’s notion of a geometric string structure on a manifold, Bunke-Naumann and Redden have exhibited integral formulas involving the Chern-Weil form representative of the first Pontryagin class and the canonical 3-form of a geometric string structure that realize the isomorphism between the third string bordism group and $\mathbb{Z}/24$ (these formulas have been recently rediscovered by Gaiotto, Johnson-Freyd & Witten). In the talk I will show how these formulas naturally emerge when one considers the $U(1)$-valued 3d TQFTs associated with the classifying stacks of Spin bundles with connection and of String bundles with geometric structure. Joint work with Eugenio Landi (arXiv:2209.12933).
Christian Blanchet (Université Paris Cité):
Heisenberg homologies of surface configurations
cf.: arXiv:2206.11475
slides: pdf
video: YT
The Heisenberg group of a surface is the central extension of its one-dimensional homology associated with the intersection cocycle. We show that a representation of the Heisenberg group defines local coefficients on the unordered configuration space of points in the surface. We study the corresponding homologies, the Mapping Class Group action and the connection with quantum constructions. This is based on joint work with Awais Shaukat and Martin Palmer.
Nafaa Chbili (United Arab Emirates University):
Quasi-alternating links, Examples and obstructions
cf.: arXiv:2009.08624
video: YT
Quasi-alternating links represent an important class of links that has been introduced by Ozsváth and Szabó while studying the Heegaard Floer homology of the branched double-covers of alternating links. This new class of links, which share many homological properties with alternating links, is defined in a recursive way which is not easy to use in order to determine whether a given link is quasi-alternating. In this talk, we shall review the main obstruction criteria for quasi-alternating links. We also discuss how new examples of quasi-alternating links can constructed.
Khaled Qazaqzeh (Kuwait University):
On the Finiteness of Quasi-alternating Links
cf.: arXiv:2208.02984
slides: pdf
video: YT
The generalization of alternating links to quasi-alternating links raises some natural questions that have affirmative answer in the class of alternating links.
In this talk, we discuss these questions and then we give an affirmative answer to one question without any assumption. As a consequence, we prove that one of these questions is solved in the affirmative iff Green’s conjecture on the finiteness of quasi-alternating links of a given determinant holds. Also, we prove that another question is solved in the affirmative implies Green’s conjecture on the finiteness of quasi-alternating links of a given determinant holds.
Dmitri Pavlov (Texas Tech University):
The geometric cobordism hypothesis
cf.: arXiv:2011.01208, arXiv:2111.01095
video: YT
I will explain my recent joint work with Daniel Grady on locality of functorial field theories (arXiv:2011.01208) and the geometric cobordism hypothesis (arXiv:2111.01095). The latter generalizes the Baez–Dolan cobordism hypothesis to non-topological field theories, in which bordisms can be equipped with geometric structures, such as smooth maps to a fixed target manifold, Riemannian metrics, conformal structures, principal bundles with connection, or geometric string structures. Applications include a generalization of the Galatius–Madsen–Tillmann–Weiss theorem, a solution to a conjecture of Stolz and Teichner on representability of concordance classes of functorial field theories, and a construction of power operations on the level of field theories (extending the recent work of Barthel-Berwick-Evans-Stapleton).
I will illustrate the general theory by constructing the prequantum Chern-Simons theory as a fully extended nontopological functorial field theory.
If time permits, I will discuss the ongoing work on defining quantization of field theories in the setting of the geometric cobordism hypothesis.
Daniel Grady (Wichita State University):
Deformation classes of invertible field theories and the Freed-Hopkins conjecture
slides: pdf
video: YT
In their seminal paper, Freed and Hopkins proved a classification theorem that identifies deformation classes of certain invertible topological field theories with the torsion subgroup of some generalized cohomology of a Thom spectrum. They conjectured that the identification continues to hold for non-topological field theories, if one passes from the torsion subgroup to the full generalized cohomology group of the Thom spectrum. In this talk, I will discuss a result which provides an affirmative answer to this conjecture. The method of proof uses recent joint work with Dmitri Pavlov on the geometric cobordism hypothesis.
Daniel Berwick-Evans (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign)
How do field theories detect the torsion in topological modular forms?
cf.: arXiv:2303.09138
video: YT
Since the mid 1980s, there have been hints of a deep connection between 2-dimensional field theories and elliptic cohomology. This lead to Stolz and Teichner's conjectured geometric model for the universal elliptic cohomology theory of topological modular forms (TMF) in which cocycles are 2-dimensional supersymmetric field theories. Basic properties of these field theories lead to expected integrality and modularity properties, but the abundant torsion in TMF has always been mysterious. In this talk, I will describe deformation invariants of 2-dimensional field theories that realize certain torsion classes in TMF. This leads to a description of the generator of $\pi_3(TMF) =\mathbb{Z}/24$ in terms of the supersymmetric sigma model with target $S^3$.
Christoph Schweigert (Hamburg University)
String-net methods for CFT correlators
cf.: arXiv:2302.01468
slides: pdf
video: YT
Based on a graphical calculus for pivotal bicategories, we develop a string-net construction of a modular functor. We show that a rigid separable Frobenius functor between strictly pivotal bicategories induces a linear map between the corresponding bicategorical string-net spaces that is compatible with the mapping class group actions and with sewing. This result implies that correlators of two-dimensional conformal field theories factorize over string-net spaces constructed from defect data.
Anna Beliakova (University of Zurich):
On algebraisation of low-dimensional Topology
cf.: arXiv:2205.11385
video: YT
Categories of $n$-cobordisms (for $n=2$, $3$ and $4$) are among the most studied objects in low dimensional topology. For $n=2$ we know that $2Cob$ is a monoidal category freely generated by its commutsative Frobenius algebra object: the circle. This result also classifies all TQFT functors on $2Cob$. In this talk I will present similar classification results for special categories of 3- and 4-cobordisms. They were obtained in collaboration with Marco De Renzi and are based on the work of Bobtcheva and Piergallini. Frobenius algebra in these cases will be replaced by a braided Hopf algebra.
I plan to finish by relating our results with the famous problem in combinatorial group theory — the Andrews–Curtis conjecture.
Carlo Collari (University of Pisa):
Weight systems which are quantum states
cf. arXiv:2210.05399
slides: pdf
video: YT
Roughly speaking, a weight system is a function from a space of chord diagrams to the complex numbers. Weight systems can be used to recover invariants for the relevant kind of knotted object (eg. knots, links, braids etc.) from the Kontsevich integral. The work of Sati and Schreiber highlighted the connection between (horizontal) chord diagrams and higher observables in quantum brane physics. This motivates the question: “which weight systems are quantum states?” Corfield, Sati and Schreiber showed that all $\mathfrak{gl}(n)$ weight systems associated to the defining representation are indeed quantum states. In this talk I will present an extension of their result to more general weight systems.
The plan of the talk is the following; first, I will introduce the mathematical problem. Then, I will review the proof given by Corfield, Sati and Schreiber that $\mathfrak{gl}(n)$ weight systems associated to the defining representation are quantum states. Finally, I will show how this result can be extended to weight systems associated to exterior and symmetric powers of the defining representation.
Ralph Blumenhagen (Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich):
Nullifying Cobordism in Quantum Gravity
cf.: arXiv:2208.01656, arXiv:2303.03423
slides: pdf
video: YT
In the swampland program one tries to delineate effective theories consistent with quantum gravity from those which are not by so-called swampland conjecture. As a consequence of the absence of global symmetries in QG, one such conjecture is saying that the cobordism group has to vanish. In mathematics very often these groups do not vanish right away. Physics tells us that this can be ameliorated by either gauging or breaking of the corresponding global symmetries.
First, we show how the gauging fits into some known constraints in string theory, the so-called tadpole cancellation conditions. Mathematically, this is reflecting a well known connection between certain K-theory and cobordism groups. Second, we report on new results related to the breaking of a global symmetry via codimension one defects. In fact, going beyond topology a very similar mechanism arises for (for a long time puzzling) rolling solutions in string theory, giving rise to the notion of a dynamical cobordism conjecture.
Hisham Sati (CQTS, NYU Abu Dhabi):
Cobordism in Quantum M-Theory 1: M/F-Theory as Mf-Theory
In the quest for mathematical foundations of M-theory, the “Hypothesis H” that fluxes are quantized in Cohomotopy theory, implies that M-brane charges on flat spacetimes locally organize into equivariant homotopy groups of spheres. This leads generally to a correspondence between phenomena conjectured in M-theory and fundamental mathematical concepts/results in stable homotopy, generalized cohomology and Cobordism theory $M f$. (Based on arxiv.org/abs/2103.01877).
Cobordism in Quantum M-Theory 2: Topological Quantum Gates in HoTT
cf.: arXiv:2303.02382
video: YT
Recent results on defect branes in string/M-theory and on their holographically dual anyonic defects in condensed matter theory allow for the specification of realistic topological quantum gates, operating by anyon defect braiding in topologically ordered quantum materials. This has a surprisingly slick formulation in parameterized point-set topology, which is so fundamental that it lends itself to certification in modern homotopically typed programming languages, such as cubical Agda. (Based on arxiv.org/abs/2303.02382).
27 Apr - 1 Mar 2023
NYUAD Hackaton on Quantum Computing 2023
22 - 26 May 2023
Quantum Information and Quantum Matter
> on quantum information, quantum matter
Luigi Amico, (Technology Innovation Institute, Abu Dhabi):
Coherence of confined matter in lattice gauge theories at the mesoscopic scales
Atomtronics is the emerging quantum technology of matter-wave circuits which coherently guide propagating ultra-cold atoms. The field benefits from the remarkable progress in micro optics, allowing to control the coherent matter with enhanced flexibility on the micron spatial scale. This way, both fundamental studies in quantum science and technological applications can be carried out. I will sketch recent progress in matter-wave circuitry and atomtronics-based quantum technology. In particular, I will focus on a specific scheme simulating lattice gauge theories and analyze confined matter at the mesoscopic spatial scale.
Tim Byrnes (NYU Shanghai):
Measurement based imaginary time evolution
cf. arXiv:2210.06923
Herbert Schoeller (RWTH Aachen):
Supersymmetry protected topological states and realization of periodic Witten models in two dimensional second-order topological insulators
cf.: arXiv:2212.01307
For a generic two-dimensional topological insulator with band inversion and spin-orbit coupling, we propose the generation of topological zero-energy bound states via the application of an in-plane Zeeman field breaking rotational invariance. The Zeeman field induces a surface gap and generates the topological states via a second-order mechanism generically at the surface positions where the normal component of the Zeeman field vanishes. Via the application of an additional half-integer Aharonov-Bohm flux through a hole of the system, we show that the topological states are protected by supersymmetry. For smooth surfaces, we derive an effective surface Hamiltonian in the form of a periodic Witten model and propose how the surface bound states of the supersymmetric spectrum can be calculated via a trapping mechanism in effective surface potentials. We study the whole phase diagram of the model together with its stability and discuss the high tunability of the topological states.
Adrien Bouhon (Cambridge University):
Non-abelian and Euler multi-gap topologies in crystalline materials
Markus Müller (RWTH Aachen University and Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany):
Fault-Tolerant Topological Quantum Computing: From Concepts to Experiments
To date, the construction of scalable fault-tolerant quantum computers remains a fundamental scientific and technological challenge, due to the influence of unavoidable noise. In my talk, I will first introduce basic concepts of topological quantum error correction codes, which allow one to protect quantum information during storage and processing. I will discuss recent theory work, perspectives and recent collaborative experimental breakthroughs towards fault-tolerant quantum error correction on various physical quantum computing platforms. This includes the first realisation of repeated high-performance quantum error-correction cycles on a topological surface code with superconducting qubits [1], and the first demonstration of a universal and fault-tolerant logical gate set with trapped ions [2]. Furthermore, I will present new fundamental connections between topological quantum error correction and classical statistical mechanics models, in the context of the correction of qubit loss [3,4] and the determination of fundamental error thresholds for circuit noise [5].
[1] S. Krinner et al., Realizing repeated quantum error correction in a distance-three surface code, Nature 605, 669 (2022)
[2] L. Postler et al., Demonstration of fault-tolerant universal quantum gate operations, Nature 605, 675 (2022)
[3] D. Vodola, et al., Twins Percolation
[4] R. Stricker et al., Deterministic correction of qubit loss, Nature 585, 207 (2020)
[5] D. Vodola et al., Fundamental thresholds of realistic quantum error correction circuits from classical spin models, Quantum 6, 618 (2022)
20 Oct 2023
Workshop on Homotopy Theory and Applications
The Homotopy Type of Graph Configuration Spaces
on configuration spaces of points
slides: pdf
Homotopy Manifolds and Tangent Bundles in HoTT
cf. upcoming preprint
on homotopy types of smooth manifolds in homotopy type theory
Model Structures for Double Categories
The Homotopy Theory of Differentiable Sheaves
cf. arXiv:2309.01757
on the homotopy theory of smooth $\infty$-groupoids
2-Representations and 2-Vector Bundles
cf. arXiv:2208.10042
19-21 April 2024
Homotopy Type Theory and Computing – Classical and Quantum
The aim of this conference is to discuss Homotopy Type Theory Theory (
HoTT
) as a substrate for computing and verification in software development, in synthetic homotopy theory, and possibly in application to (topological) quantum computing/simulation.Some talks will focus on recent progress on the general issue of running
HoTT
programs, in view of the univalence axiom: such as via “cubical TT” or the more recent “higher observational TT”. Other talks will focus on design patterns for practical (quantum) programming and certification languages, notably via modal types and monadic effects (in modal extensions of HoTT).In this vein, our local speakers will present a point of contact between modal
HoTT
and Quantum: the recently developed “Linear HoTT” (LHoTT
) that equips classicalHoTT
with dependent “linear” types which may be thought of as quantum data types. TheLHoTT
approach to quantum programming interprets a significant fragment of the Proto-Quipper-language, now with identity types enabling full verification.The conference is to bring this theoretical progress into contact with efforts to use (
L
)HoTT
and related languages like Proto-Quipper for actual (quantum) computing, simulation and verification.
Speakers:
external:
Jennifer Paykin (tbc)
Loïc Pujet (tbc)
Robert Rand (tbc)
Jon Sterling (tbc)
… (more to come) …
local:
Weekly colloquium, broadly on quantum systems, with focus on quantum computation and specifically on topological quantum computation and dependently typed quantum programming languages.
Urs Schreiber on joint work with Hisham Sati:
New Foundations for Topological Data Analysis – The Power of Cohomotopy
The aim of topological data analysis (TDA) is to provide qualitative analysis of large data/parameter sets in a way which is robust against uncertainties and noise. This is accomplished using tools and theorems from the mathematical field of algebraic topology. While a tool called persistent homology has become the signature method of TDA, it tends to produce answers that are either hard to interpret (persistent cycles) or impossible to compute (well groups). Both problems are solved by a variant method $[$FK17$]$ which we may call persistent cohomotopy: A first result shows $[$FKW18$]$ that this new method provides computable answers to the concrete question of detecting whether there exist data+parameters that meet a prescribed target indicator precisely, even in the presence of uncertainty and noise. More generally, efficient data analysis will require further refining persistent cohomotopy to equivariant cohomotopy and/or twisted cohomotopy $[$SS20$]$. Curiously, these flavors of cohomotopy theory have profound relations to formal high energy physics and quantum materials, connecting to which might help to further enhance the power of topological data analysis.
13 Sep 2022
Mitchell Riley (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS):
Dependent Type Theories à la Carte
slides: pdf
on realizing linear homotopy type theory
14 Sep 2022
Sachin Valera (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS):
A Quick Introduction to the Algebraic Theory of Anyons
slides: pdf
on anyon braiding described by braided fusion categories
14 Sep 2022
Urs Schreiber (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS):
Initial Researchers’ Meeting – Motivation, Strategy & Technology
slides: pdf
outline of a research program on Topological Quantum Programming in TED-K
11 Oct 2022
Tim Byrnes (NYU Shanghai, CQTS):
Topological quantum states for quantum computing and metrology
video: rec
Part I – Quantum teleportation of Majorana Zero Modes
slides: pdf
Part II – Quantum Hall effect in Bose-Einstein condensates
slides: pdf
on Phys. Rev. A 92.023629 (2015) and Phys. Rev. B 99, 184427 (2019)
07 Nov 2022
Jiannis Pachos (Leeds University, UK):
Non-abelian topological Berry-phases
video: rec
Combining physics, mathematics and computer science, topological quantum information [1] is a rapidly expanding field of research focused on the exploration of quantum evolutions that are resilient to errors. In this talk I will present a variety of different topics starting from introducing anyonic models, topological phases of matter, Majorana fermions, characterising knot invariants, their quantum simulation with anyons and finally the possible realisation of anyons in the laboratory.
$\,$
[1] Jiannis K. Pachos, Introduction to Topological Quantum Computation, Cambridge University Press (2012) $[$doi:10.1017/CBO9780511792908$]$
14 Nov 2022
Sachin Valera (NYU Abi Dhabi, CQTS):
A Quick Introduction to the Algebraic Theory of Anyons (Part II)
slides: pdf
on anyon braiding described by braided fusion categories
21 Nov 2022
Andrew Kent (Center for Quantum Phenomena, NYU)
A new spin on magnetism with applications in information processing
slides: pdf
Recent advances in magnetism research are likely to have an important impact on electronics and information processing. These advances use the electron magnetic moment (spin) to transmit, write and store information. They enable new devices that operate at high speed with very low energy consumption. The information is stored in the orientation of electron magnetic moments in magnetic materials and can persist without power; energy is only needed to write and read the information. Important physics concepts include the interconversion of electrical (charge) currents into spin currents, the efficiency of the interconversion, controlling the currents, spin polarization direction, and the associated spin torques on magnetic order. Magnetic skyrmions are also of interest both because of their stability — they are topologically protected objects — and because their nucleation and motion can be controlled using spin currents. In this talk I will highlight the new physics concepts that have enabled these advances and discuss some of their applications in information processing.
cf.: J. Appl. Phys. 130 (2021) [doi:10.1063/5.0046950]
28 Nov 2022
Asif Equbal (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS)
Molecular spin qubits for future quantum technology
slides: pdf
cf.: spin resonance qbits
Spins are a purely quantum mechanical phenomenon and have been proposed as one of the several candidates for qubits in quantum information science. Quantum computers based on spin qubits were first proposed by DiVincenzo, who established five necessary criteria for building a quantum computer. The technology to control the quantum states of nuclear and electron spins and the theory of spin-spin and spin-magnetic field interactions are well developed, but a quantum computer based on spin qubits has not yet been realized. Why is this?
In this talk, I will discuss the challenges in developing spin qubits that meet DiVincenzo’s criteria for quantum computers. First, I will explain in a pedagogical way how to manipulate spins in an external magnetic field that form the building block of quantum logic gates. I will then provide some insight into my own recent research on the development of optically polarized molecular spin qubits in solids.
12 Dec 2022
Quantum Algorithms, from noisy intermediate scale devices through the early fault-tolerant era
Reaching long-term maturity in quantum computation science and technology relies on the field delivering practically useful application in a short term. In this colloquium, I will discuss ideas for the noisy intermediate scale (NISQ) and early fault-tolerant eras. I will divide my talk into two parts. In the first part, I will make a brief non-technical introduction to the field, its relevance to the UAE, and the main lines of research of the Quantum Algorithms division at QRC-TII.
In the second one, I will try to convey some level of technical detail about our work. In particular, I will first present a hybrid classical-quantum algorithm to simulate high-connectivity quantum circuits from low-connectivity ones. This provides a versatile toolbox for both error-mitigation and circuit boosts useful for NISQ computations. Then, I will move on to algorithms for the forthcoming quantum hardware of the early fault-tolerant era: I will present a new generation of high-precision algorithms for simulating quantum imaginary-time evolution (QITE) that are significantly simpler than current schemes based on quantum amplitude amplification (QAA). QITE is central not only to ground-state optimisations but also to partition-function estimation and Gibbs-state sampling, with a plethora of computational applications.
30 Jan 2023
Vivek Singh (CQTS @ NYU Abu Dhabi)
Chern-Simons theory, Knot polynomials & Quivers
slides: pdf
cf. arXiv:2103.10228
First, I will give a brief introduction to knot theory and its connection to Chern-Simons quantum field theory. Then I discuss the method of obtaining polynomial invariants and limitations towards tackling classification of knots. In particular, we will highlight our new results on weaving knots and review the recent developments on Knot-Quiver correspondence.
13 Feb 2023
Kazuki Ikeda (Co-design Center for Quantum Advantage, Stony Brook University, USA)
Demonstration of Quantum Energy Teleportation by Superconducting Quantum Processors and Implications for Communications and High Energy Physics
Quantum energy teleportation is a theoretical concept in quantum physics that describes the transfer of energy from one location to another without the need for a physical medium to carry it. This is made possible by means of universal properties of quantum entanglement and measurement of quantum states. The role of QET in physics and information engineering is largely unexplored, as the theory has not received much attention for long time since it was proposed about 15 years ago. To validate it on a real quantum processor, my research has tested the energy teleportation protocol in its most visible form for the first time on IBM’s superconducting quantum computer. In my colloquium talk, I will explain the historical background of quantum energy teleportation, quantum circuits and quantum operations. Moreover I will present a concrete setup for a long-distance and large-scale quantum energy teleportation with real quantum networks.
In addition, I will present the results of quantum simulations with relativistic field theory as a study based on the high-energy physics perspective and the symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phase of matter of quantum energy teleportation. The models will describe include the two dimensional QED (the massive Thirring model), the AKLT model, the Haldane model, and the Kitaev model. Those results show that the phase diagrams of the field theory and SPT phase are closely related to energy teleportation.
In summary my talk will provide a novel suggestion that quantum energy teleportation paves a new pathway to a link between quantum communication on real quantum network, phase diagram of quantum many-body system, and quantum computation.
20 Feb 2023
Constructive Real Numbers in the Agda Proof Assistant
cf. arXiv:2205.08354
Proof assistant software enables the development of proofs in a manner such that a computer can verify their validity. As proof assistants commonly take the form of a programming language, users face programming-related problems, such as the naturality of expressing ideas and algorithms in the language, usability, and performance. We will investigate these issues as they occur in developing Errett Bishop’s constructive real numbers in the Agda proof assistant and functional programming language, with an introduction to each.
27 Feb 2023
Aeysha Khalique (National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad):
Computational Tasks through Non-Universal Quantum Computation
video: YT
Quantum Mechanics offers phenomena which defy our everyday observation. These are not just theoretical principles but have wide range applications in quantum computation and quantum information, making some tasks possible which are impossible to be done classically. This talk will take you to the journey through quantum computation, starting from underlying principles to the applications, including my own own contribution to it.
6 Mar 2023
Altaf Nizamani and Qirat Iqbal (University of Sindh, Pakistan):
Quantum Technology with Trapped Ions
video: YT
Quantum technology is a rapidly advancing field that is poised to revolutionize numerous industries, including computing, communications, sensing, and cryptography. At its core, quantum technology relies on the principles of quantum mechanics, which allow for the creation of devices that operate on the quantum level. These devices based on quantum technology can perform tasks that are impossible or prohibitively difficult for classical devices. One of the most promising applications of quantum technology is in quantum computing, quantum communications, and quantum sensors.
Trapped ions are one of the promising platform for quantum computing and sensing. In this approach, individual ions are trapped in a vacuum chamber using electromagnetic fields and manipulated using lasers to perform quantum operations. As a quantum system, trapped ions offer several advantages. First, they have long coherence times, meaning that the quantum state of the ion can be preserved for a longer period, allowing for more complex calculations. Second, trapped ions can be precisely controlled and manipulated, allowing for the implementation of high-fidelity quantum gates. Finally, trapped ions can be entangled with one another, allowing for the implementation of quantum algorithms that are impossible to simulate on classical computers. Trapped ions also have great potential as quantum sensors. By using the properties of the ions to measure changes in their environment, trapped ions can detect minute changes in temperature, magnetic fields, and electric fields, among other things. This makes them useful for applications in precision measurement, such as in atomic clocks, gravitational wave detection, and magnetometry.
One of the major challenges facing trapped ion systems is scalability. While individual ions have been used to perform simple quantum algorithms, scaling the system up to include a large number of ions is a difficult task. However, recent advances in ion trap technology have made it possible to trap larger numbers of ions and transport them in 2D and 3D space to perform more complex operations for quantum computation and sensing experiments. Realization of such devices is not far away. As compared to present atomic clocks, a new generation of quantum-enhanced clocks is now emerging showing significantly improved accuracy. Sensitive physical measurements are an essential component of modern science and technology. Developments in quantum sensors will outdate their classical counterparts.
We will present recent developments and opportunities in quantum technology applications based on trapped ions, including quantum computation and sensing.
13 Mar 2023
Roger S. K. Mong (Pittsburgh Quantum Institute, USA)
Detecting topological order from modular transformations of ground states on the torus
cf.: arXiv:2203.04329
Every two-dimensional topological phase is associated with some topological quantum field theory (TQFT), or more formally a modular tensor category. The ground states of a topological phase encode information about the TQFT, which makes them useful in determining the TQFT data, such as anyon mutual statistics and self statistics. For example, many numerical methods for detecting the TQFT relied on the use of minimum entanglement states (MESs), which are the eigenstates of the Wilson loop operators, and are labeled by the anyons corresponding to their eigenvalues. Here we revisit the definition of the Wilson loop operators and MESs. We rederive the modular transformation of the ground states purely from the Wilson loop algebra, and as a result, the modular $S$- and $T$-matrices naturally show up in the overlap of MESs. Importantly, we show that due to the phase degree of freedom of the Wilson loop operators, the MES-anyon assignment is not unique. This ambiguity means that there are some sets of TQFTs that cannot be distinguished from one another solely by the overlap of MESs.
27 Mar 2023
Matthias Christandl (Centre for the Mathematics of Quantum Theory, U. Copenhagen):
Quantum Software
cf.: arXiv:2009.07161 doi:10.1109/TIT.2022.3169438
In these days, we are witnessing amazing progress in both the variety and quality of platforms for quantum computation and quantum communication. Since algorithms and communication protocols designed for traditional ‘classical’ hardware do not employ the superposition principle and thus provide no gain even when used on quantum hardware, we are in need of developing specific quantum algorithms and quantum communication protocols that make clever use of the superposition principle and extract a quantum advantage. “Quantum hardware needs quantum software”, so to say. Furthermore, due to noise in the qubits, known as decoherence, an additional quantum-specific software layer is required that emulates a perfect quantum machine on top of a noisy one. I will demonstrate our recent work on this subject with theorems as well data from university and commercial quantum devices.
3 Apr 2023
Mouzhe Xie (University of Chicago)
Diamond-based quantum sensor for molecular analytics
cf.: arXiv:2108.04843
slides: pdf
video: YT
Quantum sensing technologies enable some of the most precise measurements that human beings have ever achieved. In recent years, optically addressable nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color center hosted by diamond crystal has been used as a novel quantum sensor, which has exquisitely sensitive response to local magnetic field fluctuations. It is therefore capable to perform micro-/nano-scale NMR experiments, manifesting enormous potential to study biological systems on extremely small sample volume – even down to single-molecule regime.
In this seminar, I will discuss some of the comprehensive efforts to develop NV-based quantum sensing platforms for a wide range of applications in chemistry and biology. I will start with a general introduction to quantum sensing followed by conventional NMR spectroscopy as a powerful tool to study biomolecules, as well as their connections to the NV-based nanoscale NMR. I will then introduce a biocompatible surface functionalization architecture for interfacing a diamond quantum sensor with individual intact biomolecules under physiological conditions. A sensing modality based on diamond membrane integrated with flow channel will also be discussed, which is a promising platform for a variety of experiments a molecular, cellular, and even living-organism levels. Finally, I will conclude by providing an outlook on how NV-based quantum sensing platforms, combined with other advanced spectroscopy and microscopy methods, can be utilized to address important biophysical and bioanalytical questions with unprecedented sensitivity and spatial resolution, which will enhance our understanding of molecular interactions and cellular processes and ultimately improve human health.
3 Apr 2023
Sophia Economou (Center for Quantum Information Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech, USA)
Control and distribution of entanglement in quantum networks
cf.: arXiv:2212.10820
video: YT
Quantum networks are pursued as a quantum backbone on which to perform secure quantum communication, distributed quantum sensing, and blind quantum computation. The building blocks of these networks are quantum repeaters, where photonic quantum information carriers are generated and error corrected through interactions with matter qubits. I will describe two paradigms of quantum repeaters and discuss in each case how careful control of a register of spin qubits can increase the entanglement distribution rate over the network. Specifically, I will describe our recent work on the accurate and fast control of nuclear spin memory qubits coupled to spin defects such as the NV center in diamond. I will also discuss the deterministic generation of photonic ‘graph“ states from such quantum emitters.
10 Apr 2023
Zain Saleem (Argonne National Lab, USA)
Classical simulators as quantum error mitigators via circuit cutting
cf.: arXiv:2212.07335
video: YT
We introduce an error mitigation framework that mitigates errors in a quantum circuit using circuit cutting. Our framework can be implemented in polynomial time for a wide variety of quantum circuits. Our technique involves cutting the circuit in such a way that we run the circuit that needs to be executed on the quantum hardware whereas the error mitigation circuit is run on a simulator. We perform error mitigation qubit by qubit and then provide a way to combine the different probabilities from each of the individual qubit error mitigation runs such that the full circuit is error mitigated. We apply our framework to the VQE hardware-efficient ansatz acheiving estimated ground state energies very close to the noise-free simulation results.
17 Apr 2023
Piotr Sułkowski (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Knots-quivers correspondence: summary and update
cf. arXivL2110.13768 following arXiv:1707.04017, arXiv:1707.02991
In this talk I will review the knots-quivers correspondence and mention some recent developments in this regard. The knots-quivers correspondence is the statement that various invariants associated to a knot are encoded in the corresponding quiver. This statement follows from engineering both knots and quivers in related brane systems in string theory. Recent developements, which I will mention at least briefly, include understanding the structure of various quivers that correspond to the same knot, using topological recursion to determine quiver generating series and corresponding quiver A-polynomials, and finding a quiver representation of so-called Z-hat invariants.
24 Apr 2023
Mauro Paternostro (Queen’s University Belfast, Ireland):
Alice through the looking glass: cavity optomechanics for the study of the foundation of quantum mechanics
cf.: arXiv:2302.08995
I will illustrate how cavity optomechanics is helping us addressing deep questions on our understanding of the foundations of quantum theory, from non-equilibrium quantum dynamics to the collapse of the wave-function. Towards the end of my talk, I will propose an optomechanical pathway for the exploration of the potential quantum nature of gravity.
1 May 2023
Hichem El Euch (American University of Sharjah, UAE):
High-fidelity universal quantum computation with symmetric qubit clusters
Designing a physical device that maintains the error rate for each quantum processing operation low is one of the most arduous issues for the implementation of a scalable quantum computer. These errors may result from inaccurate quantum manipulation, such as a gate voltage sweeping in solid-state qubits or a laser pulse duration. Decoherence is usually a manifestation of the interaction with the environment, and it is an entity of the quantum system which generates errors. Small clusters of qubits with symmetries can be used to shield part of them from decoherence. We encode pairs of connected qubits and universal 2-qubit logical gates using 4-level cores with omega-rotation invariance. We show that symmetry renders logical operations particularly resistant to anisotropic qubit rotations that models some quantum errors. We suggest a scalable method for universal quantum processing in which cores act as quansistors, or quantum transistors. By adjusting their intrinsic variables, quansistors may be dynamically isolated from their environment, providing them the adaptability needed to function as controlled quantum memory units.
8 May 2023
Ilya Kuprov (University of Southampton):
Optimal control of large spin systems
cf.: arXiv:2107.00933, arXiv:2303.09458
video: YT
In magnetic resonance, optimal control theory is used to generate pulses and pulse sequences that achieve instrumentally difficult objectives (for example, uniform 13C excitation in a 1.2 GHz magnet) with high precision under stringent time and radiofrequency/microwave power constraints. At the moment, the most popular framework is GRAPE (gradient ascent pulse engineering, 10.1016/j.jmr.2004.11.004). This lecture reports our recent mathematical and software engineering work on the various extensions and refinements of the GRAPE framework, and on its implementation as a module of Spinach library. Recently implemented functionality includes: fidelity Hessians and regularised Newton-Raphson optimisation, generalised curvilinear waveform parametrisation, prefix and suffix pulse sequences, multi-target and subspace control, keyhole states and subspaces, cooperative pulses and phase cycles, and piecewise-linear control sequences. In keeping with the long tradition, the methods are also directly applicable to quantum technologies outside Magnetic Resonance.
25 Sep 2023
Urs Schreiber (NYUAD, CQTS)
Quantum Channels as QuantumState Monad Transformations (Part I)
video: YT
cf.: arXiv:2310.15735
The talk recalls some of the theory of “quantum channels” and then explains how this is captured by “monadic computation” with the linear version of the “State monad” – the “QuantumState Frobenius monad”.
2 Oct 2023
Titus Neupert (University of Zurich)
Realizing Higher-Order Topology
cf. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aat0346
Higher-order topology generalizes the bulk-boundary correspondence of topological phases of matter, by allowing topological modes to be localized at corners and hinges instead of edges and surfaces. I will introduce the theory behind this concept, both for noninteracting as well as interacting systems and consecutively discuss two realizations in rather distinct setups. First, as-grown crystals of bismuth, grey arsenic, as well as bismuth bromide are demonstrated to display the essential physics of higher-order topological insulators. Second, it is shown that lattices of so-called Shiba bound states induced by magnetic adatoms in conventional superconductors can be brought into a higher-order superconducting phase. I will report on experimental progress for both system types based on spanning probe as well as transport measurements.
9 Oct 2023
Sachin Valera (NYUAD, CQTS)
Topological Quantum Teleportation Without Braiding
video: YT
cf. arXiv:2303.17700
We present the quantum teleportation and superdense coding protocols in the context of topological qudits, as realised by anyons. The simplicity of our proposed realisation hinges on the monoidal structure of Tambara-Yamagami categories, which readily allows for the generation of maximally entangled qudits. In particular, we remove the necessity for the braiding of anyons, an operation which typically underpins any computation. Both protocols find a natural interpretation in the graphical calculus for these categories.
16 Oct 2023
Anne Broadbent (University of Ottowa, Canada)
Quantum Delegation with an Off-the-Shelf Device
cf. arXiv:2304.03448
Given that reliable cloud quantum computers are becoming closer to reality, the concept of delegation of quantum computations and its verifiability is of central interest. Many models have been proposed, each with specific strengths and weaknesses. Here, we put forth a new model where the client trusts only its classical processing, makes no computational assumptions, and interacts with a quantum server in a single round. In addition, during a set-up phase, the client specifies the size $n$ of the computation and receives an untrusted, off-the-shelf (OTS) quantum device that is used to report the outcome of a single constant-sized measurement from a predetermined logarithmic-sized input. In the OTS model, we thus picture that a single quantum server does the bulk of the computations, while the OTS device is used as an untrusted and generic verification device, all in a single round. In this talk, we will show how the delegation of quantum computations can be achieved in the OTS model, and furthermore how to make this protocol zero-knowledge. The emphasis will be on the concepts that contribute to this result; these concepts are drawn from a long line of research related to blind and delegated quantum computation, as well as quantum zero-knowledge proofs. Based on joint work with Arthur Mehta and Yuming Zhao.
23 Oct 2023
Frank (Peng) Fu (Univ. Soth Carolina):
Proto-Quipper with Dynamic Lifting
video: YT
Quipper is a functional programming language for quantum computing. Proto-Quipper is a family of languages aiming to provide a formal foundation for Quipper. By virtue of being a circuit description language, Proto-Quipper has two separate runtimes: circuit generation time and circuit execution time. Values that are known at circuit generation time are called parameters, and values that are known at circuit execution time are called states. Dynamic lifting is an operation that enables a state, such as the result of a measurement, to be lifted to a parameter, where it can influence the generation of the next portion of the circuit. As a result, dynamic lifting enables Proto-Quipper programs to interleave classical and quantum computation. In his talk, Dr. Frank will describe how to extend Proto-Quipper-M with dynamic lifting. He will explain the syntax of a language named Proto-Quipper-Dyn. Its type system uses a system of modalities to keep track of the use of dynamic lifting. Then, he will discuss the categorical semantics for dynamic lifting. Finally, if time permits, Dr. Frank will give some examples of Proto-Quipper-Dyn programs.
30 Oct 2023
Dominik Bucher (Technical University, Munich):
Quantum Sensing with Spin Defects in Diamond
video: YT
cf.: arXiv:2306.07593
The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) point defect in diamond has emerged as a new class of quantum sensors. The technique is based on optically detected magnetic resonance of the NV electronic spins, which can be used to detect magnetic fields on unprecedented length scales. In my talk, I will briefly introduce the basics of NV-based quantum sensing, its hardware and review recent highlights in the field. In the second part, I will discuss recent developments in my research group, including quantum sensing in microfluidics for lab-on-a-chip applications and an outlook for single-cell NMR metabolomics.
06 Nov 2023
Alberto Marchisio (NYUAD):
Quantum Machine Learning: Current Trends, Challenges, Opportunities, and the Road Ahead
cf. arXiv:2310.10315
Quantum Computing (QC) claims to improve the efficiency of solving complex problems, compared to classical computing. When QC is applied to Machine Learning (ML) applications, it forms a Quantum Machine Learning (QML) system. After discussing the basic concepts of QC and its advantages over classical computing, this talk reviews the key aspects of QML in a comprehensive manner. We discuss different QML algorithms and their domain applicability, quantum datasets, hardware technologies, software tools, simulators, and applications. Valuable information and resources are provided to jumpstart into the current state-of-the-art techniques in the QML field.
05 Dec 2023
Javad Shabani (Center of Quantum Information Physics, NYU):
Towards Realization of Protected Qubits Using Topological Superconductivity
cf.: arXiv:2303.04784, arXiv:2101.09272
A central goal in quantum computing research is to protect and control quantum information from noise. This talk will provide recent progress on the developing field of topological superconductivity where we can encode information in spatially separated Majorana zero modes (MZM). We show that topological superconductivity can be achieved in certain hybrid materials where the topological properties are not found in the constituent materials. These special MZMs are formed at the location of topological defects (e.g. boundaries, domain walls,..) and manifest non-Abelian braiding statistics that can be used in noise-free unitary gate operations. We show by engineering a reconfigurable domain wall on a Josephson junction we can create a scalable platform to study MZM properties and their applications in quantum information science.
Weekly seminar, broadly on topics in geometry, (algebraic) topology and theoretical/mathematical physics, with focus on applicability to high energy physics/string theory and quantum systems.
02 Feb 2022
Luigi Alfonsi (University of Hertfordshire)
Higher quantum geometry and global string duality
video: rec
In this talk I will discuss the relation between higher geometric quantisation and the global geometry underlying string dualities. Higher geometric quantisation is a promising framework that makes quantisation of classical field theories achievable. This can be obtained by quantising either an ordinary prequantum bundle on the ∞-stack of solutions of the equations of motion or a categorified prequantum bundle on a generalised phase space. I will discuss how the higher quantum geometry of string theory underlies the global geometry of T-duality. In particular, I will illustrate how a globally well-defined moduli stack of tensor hierarchies can be constructed and why this is related to a higher gauge theory with the string 2-group. Finally, I will interpret the formalism of Extended Field Theory as an atlas description of the higher quantum geometry of string theory.
23 Feb 2022
Dmitri Pavlov (Texas Tech University)
The geometric cobordism hypothesis
video: rec
I will explain my recent work with Daniel Grady on locality of functorial field theories (arXiv:2011.01208) and the geometric cobordism hypothesis (arXiv:2111.01095). The latter generalizes the Baez–Dolan cobordism hypothesis to nontopological field theories, in which bordisms can be equipped with geometric structures, such as smooth maps to a fixed target manifold, Riemannian metrics, conformal structures, principal bundles with connection, or geometric string structures.
Applications include a generalization of the Galatius–Madsen–Tillmann–Weiss theorem, a solution to a conjecture of Stolz and Teichner on representability of concordance classes of functorial field theories, a construction of power operations on the level of field theories (extending the recent work of Barthel–Berwick-Evans–Stapleton), and a recent solution by Grady of a conjecture by Freed and Hopkins on deformation classes of reflection positive invertible field theories. If time permits, I will talk about the planned future work on nonperturbative quantization of functorial field theories and generalized Atiyah–Singer-style index theorems.
08 March 2022
David White (Denison University, USA):
The Kervaire Invariant, multiplicative norms, and N-infinity operads
video: rec
In a 2016 Annals paper, Hill, Hopkins, and Ravenel solved the Kervaire Invariant One Problem using tools from equivariant stable homotopy theory. This problem goes back over 60 years, to the days of Milnorand the discovery of exotic smooth structures on spheres. Of particular importance it its solution were equivariant commutative ring spectra and their multiplicative norms. A more thorough investigation of multiplicative norms, using the language of operads, was recently conducted by Blumberg and Hill, though the existence in general of their new “N-infinity” operads was left as a conjecture. In this talk, I will provide an overview of the Kervaire problem and its solution, I will explain where the operads enter the story, and I will prove the Blumberg-Hill conjecture using a new model structure on the categoryof equivariant operads.
16 March 2022
Guo Chuan Thiang (Beijing University)
How open space index theory appears in physics
video: rec
The incredible stability of quantum Hall systems and topological phases indicates protection by an underlying index theorem. In contrast to Atiyah-Singer theory for compactified problems, what is required is an index theory on noncompact Riemannian manifolds, with interplay between discrete and continuous spectra. Input data comes not from a topological category a la TQFT, but a metrically-coarsened one. This is the subject of coarse geometry and index theory, and I will explain their experimental manifestations.
30 March 2022
Martin Palmer (Romanian Academy)
Mapping class group representations via Heisenberg, Schrödinger and Stone-von Neumann
One of the first interesting representations of the braid groups is the Burau representation. It is the first of the family of Lawrence representations, defined topologically by viewing the braid group as the mapping class group of a punctured disc. Famously, the Burau representation is almost never faithful, but the $k = 2$ Lawrence representation is always faithful: this is a celebrated theorem of Bigelow and Krammer and implies immediately that braid groups are linear (act faithfully on finite-dimensional vector spaces). Motivated by this, and by the open question of whether mapping class groups are linear, I will describe recent joint work with Christian Blanchet and Awais Shaukat in which we construct analogues of the awrence representations for mapping class groups of compact, orientable surfaces. Tools include twisted Borel-Moore homology of con guration spaces, Schrödinger representations of discrete Heisenberg groups and the Stone-von Neumann theorem.
06 April 2022
Kiyonori Gomi (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Differential KO-theory via gradations and mass terms
Differential generalized cohomologies refine generalized cohomologies on manifolds so as to retain information on differential forms. The aim of my talk is to describe formulations of differential KO-theory based on gradations and mass terms. The formulation based on mass terms is motivated by a conjecture of Freed and Hopkins about a classification of invertible quantum field theories and by a model of the Anderson dual of cobordism theory given by Yamashita and Yonekura. I will start with an account of this background, and then describe the formulation of differential KO-theory. In the formulation a key role is played by a uperconnection associated to a mass term. This is a joint work with Mayuko Yamashita.
13 April 2022
Mario Velásquez (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)
The Baum-Connes conjecture for groups and groupoids
In this talk we present some basics definitions around the Baum-Connes conjecture in the context of groups and groupoids, in particular we define the reduced $C^\ast$-algebra $C_r^*(G)$ of a groupoid G. When a group (or groupoid) satisfies this conjecture we present how we can compute the topological K-theory of $C_r^*(G)$ via a classifying space. We also present some explicit computations and an application about Fredholm boundary conditions in manifolds with corners.
27 April 2022
Amnon Neeman (Australian National University)
Bounded t-structures and stability conditions
We will give a gentle introduction to the topic. We will review the definitions of derived and triangulated categories, of t-structures an of stability conditions. The only new result will come at the very end of the talk, a theorem saying that there are no stability condition on the derived category of bounded complexes of vector bundles on a singular scheme.
11 May 2022
Alex Fok (NYU Shanghai)
Equivariant twisted KK-theory of noncompact Lie groups
The Freed-Hopkins-Teleman theorem asserts a canonical link between the equivariant twisted K-theory of a compact Lie group equipped with the conjugation action by itself and the representation theory of its loop group. Motivated by this, we will present results on the equivariant twisted KK-theory of a noncompact semisimple Lie group $G$. We will give a geometric description of generators of the equivariant twisted KK-theory of G with equivariant correspondences, which are applied to formulate the geometric quantization of quasi-Hamiltonian manifolds with proper G-actions. We will also show that the Baum-Connes assembly map for the $C^\ast$-algebra of sections of the Dixmier-Douady bundle which realizes the twist is an isomorphism, and discuss a conjecture on representations of the loop group $L G$. This talk is based on joint work with Mathai Varghese.
21 Sep 2022
Grigorios Giotopoulos (NYU Abi Dhabi)
Braided Homotopy Lie Algebras and Noncommutative Field Theories
cf.: arXiv:2112.00541
28 Sep 2022
David Jaz Myers (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS)
Objective Cohomology – Towards topological quantum computation
slides: pdf
In this talk, we will see the homotopy type theory point of view on defining pptwisted cohomology]] classes by means of bundle gerbes. We’ll take an increasingly less leisurely tour up the tower of cohomology degrees, seeing characters, principal bundles, central extensions, and characteristic classes along the way. Finally, we will go through the construction of the cohomology of the braid groups valued in the complex numbers, twisted by a complex character of the braid group. Through the work of many people, and in particular Feigin, Schechtman, Varchenko, the actions of the braid group of $d$ “defects” on the twisted complex cohomology of the braid group of $n$ “particles” is the monodromy action of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov connection on a space of conformal blocks. At CQTS we use this as a way to go from abstract homotopy type theory to protocols for topological quantum computation.
05 Oct 2022
Adrian Clough (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS)
The smooth Oka principle
video: rec
notes: pdf
cf.: Clough 2021
The infinity topos of differentiable sheaves contains all smooth manifolds as a full subcategory and has excellent formal properties. In particular, it admits an intrinsic notion of underlying homotopy type of any differentiable sheaf, which coincides with classical constructions such as taking smooth total singular complexes. Moreover, there is a canonical sense in which the mapping sheaf between any two differentiable sheaves may have the correct homotopy type. This latter notion is reminiscent of the Oka principle in complex geometry. In this talk I will show how to exhibit the Oka principle in the smooth setting using model structures and other homotopical calculi on the infinity topos of differentiable sheaves.
12 Oct 2022
Salah Mehdi (U Lorraine and NYU Abu Dhabi)
Algebraic and geometric aspects of the Dirac equation
19 Oct 2022
Liang Kong (SIQSE and SUST)
Topological Wick Rotation and Holographic Dualities
video: rec
slides: pdf
on topological order, braided fusion categories and the holographic principle
26 Oct 2022
Urs Schreiber (NYU Abu Dhabi, CQTS)
Quantum Programming via Linear Homotopy Types
slides: see those for external talk at QTML2022
We first recall basic notions of quantum logic gates and quantum circuits, highlighting the conceptually more subtle issues of classical effects (measurements) and control (state preparation). Then we briefly review the formulation of computational effects and control via adjunctions and monads on data type type systems, in order to finally indicate basics of our observation that in any decent type system which has classically dependent linear data types, the relevant language structures for describing classical/quantum effects emerge naturally.
09 Nov 2022
Zhen Huan (HUST)
Twisted Real quasi-elliptic cohomology
video: rec
Quasi-elliptic cohomology is closely related to Tate K-theory. It is constructed as an object both reflecting the geometric nature of elliptic curves and more practicable to study than most elliptic cohomology theories. It can be interpreted by orbifold loop spaces and expressed in terms of equivariant K-theories. We formulate the complete power operation of this theory. Applying that we prove the finite subgroups of the Tate curve can be classified by the Tate K-theory of symmetric groups modulo a certain transfer ideal. In this talk we construct twisted Real quasi-elliptic cohomology as the twisted KR-theory of loop groupoids. The theory systematically incorporates loop rotation and reflection. After establishing basic properties of the theory, we construct Real analogues of the string power operation of quasi-elliptic cohomology. We also explore the relation of the theory to the Tate curve. This is joint work with Matthew Young. [arXiv:2210.07511]
23 Nov 2022
Valentino Foit (NYUAD)
Brownian loops and conformally invariant systems
slides: pdf
The Brownian loop soup (BLS) is a stochastic system that is constructed from random loops in the plane and is invariant under conformal transformations. Correlation functions of certain observables can be used to formulate the BLS as a Conformal Field Theory (CFT). I will give an overview of CFTs in two dimensions and point out their relation to certain stochastic systems. Then I will discuss the BLS including some recent progress, such as the operator content, the continuous spectrum, and hints of an extended symmetry algebra.
30 Nov 2022
Classification and double commutant property for dual pairs in an orthosymplectic Lie supergroup
video: rec
One of the main problems in representation theory is to determine the set of equivalence classes of irreducible unitary representations of a Lie group. Using the Weil representation, Roger Howe established a one-to-one correspondence (known as the local theta correspondence) between particular representations of two subgroups $G$ and $G'$ forming a dual pair in $Sp(W)$. This correspondence provides a nice way to construct unitary representations of small Gelfand-Kirillov dimension.
In his wonderful paper “Remarks on classical invariant theory”, Roger Howe suggested that his classical duality should be extendable to superalgebras/supergroups. In a recent work with Hadi Salmasian, we obtained a classification of irreducible reductive dual pairs in a real or complex orthosymplectic Lie supergroup $SpO(V)$. Moreover, we proved a “double commutant theorem” for all dual pairs in a real or complex orthosymplectic Lie supergroup.
In my talk, I will spend quite some time explaining how the Howe duality works in the symplectic case and then talk about the results we obtained in our paper with H. Salmasian. [arXiv:2208.09746]
07 Dec 2022
Emily Riehl (Johns Hopkins University)
$\infty$-Category theory for undergraduates
cf.: arXiv:2302.07855, AMS Notices
At its current state of the art, $\infty$-category theory is challenging to explain even to specialists in closely related mathematical areas. Nevertheless, historical experience suggests that in, say, a century’s time, we will routinely teach this material to undergraduates. This talk describes one dream about how this might come about — under the assumption that 22nd century undergraduates have absorbed the background intuitions of homotopy type theory/univalent foundations.
14 Dec 2022
Eric Finster (University of Birmingham)
The $(\infty,1)$-category of Types
slides: pdf
A major outstanding difficulty in Homotopy Type Theory is the description of coherent higher algebraic structures. As an example, we know that the algebraic structure possessed by the collection of types and functions between them is not a traditional 1-category, but rather an (∞,1)-category. In this talk, I will describe how the addition of a finite collection of additional definitional equalities designed to render the notion of “opetopic type” definable in fact allows one to construct the (∞,1)-category structure on the universe of types.
25 Jan 2023
Thomas Creutzig (University of Alberta):
Representation Theory of affine vertex algebras
Recently there has been increased interest in non-semisimple braided tensor categories. Vertex algebras are a rich source of such categories and so I will give an overview on the representation theory of affine vertex algebras with a focus on the simplest example of $\mathfrak{sl}(2)$. As we will see, already in this example quite rich and non-semisimple categories of modules appear.
01 Feb 2023
David Jaz Myers (CQTS @ NYU Abu Dhabi):
Simplicial, Differential, and Equivariant Homotopy Type Theory
cf.: arXiv:2301.13780
on cohesive homotopy type theory with two commuting notions of cohesion
8 Feb 2023
Ruizhi Huang (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Fractional structures on bundle gerbe modules and fractional classifying spaces
video: rec
cf.: arXiv:2203.14439
Both higher structures and bundle gerbe modules play important roles in modern geometry and mathematical physics. Bundle gerbe modules is a twisted version of vector bundles, and was introduced by Bouwknegt-Carey-Mathai-Murray-Stevenson in 2002. In particular, they introduced the twisted Chern character from the perspective of Chern-Weil theory. In a recent joint work with Han and Mathai, we study the homotopy theory aspects of the twisted Chern classes of torsion bundle gerbe modules. Using Sullivan’s rational homotopy theory, we realize the twisted Chern classes at the level of classifying spaces. The construction suggests a notion, which we call fractional U-structure serving as a universal framework to study the twisted Chern classes of torsion bundle gerbe modules from the perspective of classifying spaces. Based on this, we introduce and study higher fractional structures on torsion bundle gerbe modules parallel to the higher structures on ordinary vector bundles.
15 Feb 2023
Eugene Rabinovich (University of Notre Dame, USA)
Classical Bulk-Boundary Correspondences via Factorization Algebras
cf. arXiv:2202.12332 (a form of Poisson holography)
A factorization algebra is a cosheaf-like local-to-global object which is meant to model the structure present in the observables of classical and quantum field theories. In the Batalin-Vilkovisky (BV) formalism, one finds that a factorization algebra of classical observables possesses, in addition to its factorization-algebraic structure, a compatible Poisson bracket of cohomological degree +1. Given a “sufficiently nice” such factorization algebra on a manifold $N$, one may associate to it a factorization algebra on $N\times \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$.
The aim of the talk is to explain the sense in which the latter factorization algebra “knows all the classical data” of the former.
This is the bulk-boundary correspondence of the title. Time permitting, we will describe how such a correspondence appears in the deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds.
22 Feb 2023
Applied and Computational Topology
We will give a brief introduction to the subject of Applied and Computational Topology. The survey of the subject’s main ideas and tools will be complemented with applications to discrete mathematics and to theoretical distributed computing. We will conclude with stating an open problem in combinatorial topology which is related to the complexity of the Weak Symmetry Breaking distributed task.
1 Mar 2023
Deformation quantization and categorical factorization homology
video: YT
cf. arXiv:2107.12348
Moduli spaces of flat principal bundles on surfaces are a prominent object in mathematical physics, algebraic geometry and geometric representation theory. In particular they are the phase space of 3-dimensional Chern-Simons theory on a surface times an interval and hence equipped with a symplectic structure going back to the work of Atiyah and Bott. Various deformation quantizations of the algebra of functions have been constructed. Ben-Zvi, Brochier & Jordan constructed “local to global” quantizations using factorization homology of representation categories of quantum groups. Local to global constructions in this setting only work if the higher geometric structure of the moduli space of flat bundles is taken into account, i.e. it is treated as a moduli stack. In this setting the algebra of functions does not contain all the information and should be replaced by the category of quasicoherent sheaves.
In my talk we will explore categorifications of deformation quantization as deformations of symmetric monoidal categories (algebras over the $E_\infty$-operad) into $E_i$-categories and their interplay with factorization homology. The main result is that 2-dimensional factorization homology “commutes” with quantization in a way relating $E_0$-quantizations to braided ($E_2$) quantizations. We will illustrate our results with examples from Poisson geometry and quantum groups. As a specific application we show that deformation quantizations of the moduli space of flat bundles based on Kontsevich integrals constructed by Li, Bland & Ševera are equivalent to quantizations constructed by Alekseev, Grosse & Schomerus based on quantum groups. The talk is based on joint work in progress with Eilind Karlsson, Corina Keller, and Jan Pulmann.
8 Mar 2023
Gereon Quick (Norwegian University of Science and Technology):
Geometric Hodge filtered complex cobordism
cf.: arXiv:2210.13259
video: YT
Differential cohomology theories on smooth manifolds play an important role in mathematical physics and other areas of mathematics. In their seminal work, Hopkins and Singer showed that every topological cohomology theory has a differential refinement. In this talk, I will first report on joint work with Mike Hopkins on a similar refinement of complex cobordism on complex manifolds which takes the Hodge filtration into account. I will then present joint work with Knut Haus in which we give a concrete geometric cycle model for this theory. This allows us to give a concrete description of an Abel-Jacobi type secondary invariant for topologically trivial cobordism cycles.
29 Mar 2023
João Faria Martins (Leeds University, UK)
Quinn Finite Total Homotopy TQFT as a once-extended TQFT
cf.: arXiv:2301.02491
video: YT
Quinn Finite Total Homotopy TQFT is a TQFT defined for any dimension, $n$, of space, and that depends on the choice of a homotopy finite space, $B$, (e.g. $B$ can be the classifying space of a finite group or of a finite 2-group). I will report on ongoing joint work with Tim Porter on once-extended versions of Quinn Finite total homotopy TQFT, taking values in the (symmetric monoidal) bicategory of groupoids, linear profunctors, and natural transformations between profunctors. The construction works in all dimensions, thus in particular it yields (0,1,2), (1,2,3) and (2,3,4)-extended TQFTs, any time we are given a homotopy finite space $B$. I will show how to compute these once-extended TQFTs for the case when $B$ is the classifying space of a finite strict omega-groupoid, represented by a crossed complex.
05 Apr 2023
Carmen Rovi (Loyola University, Chicago):
Relating cut and paste invariants and TQFTS
cf.: arXiv:1803.02939
video: YT
In this talk, we will be concerned with a relation between TQFTs and the cut-and-paste SKK invariants introduced by Karras, Kreck, Neumann, and Ossa. Cut-and-paste SKK invariants are functions on the set of smooth manifolds whose values on cut-and-paste equivalent manifolds differ by an error term depending only on the gluing diffeomorphisms. I will present a natural group homomorphism between the group of invertible TQFTs and the group of SKK invariants and describe how these groups fit into a split exact sequence. We conclude in particular that all positive real-valued SKK invariants can be realized as restrictions of invertible TQFTs.
12 Apr 2023
Matthias Ludewig (University of Regensburg, Germany)
The spinor bundle on loop space and its fusion product
cf.: arXiv:2206.09797
video: YT
We will discuss the definition of the spinor bundle on loop space and the construction of its fusion product, as suggested in a 2005 preprint by Stolz and Teichner. This is based on work by Kristel and Waldorf, involving some simplifications and additions due to myself.
Owen Gwilliam (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA)
A bulk-boundary correspondence with factorization algebras
cf.: arXiv:2001.07888
video: YT
Factorization algebras provide a flexible language for describing the observables of a perturbative quantum field theory, as shown in joint work with Kevin Costello. In joint work with Eugene Rabinovich and Brian Williams, we extended those constructions to a manifold with boundary for a special class of theories that includes, as an example, a perturbative version of the correspondence between chiral $U(1)$ currents on a Riemann surface and abelian Chern-Simons theory on a bulk 3-manifold. (These methods extend to interacting theories, thanks to the thesis of Rabinovich.) Given time, I’ll sketch a systematic higher dimensional version for higher abelian CS theory on an oriented smooth manifold of dimension $4n+3$ with boundary a complex manifold of complex dimension $2n+1$. The talk is expository, and it can be redirected according to the audience’s interests and requests.
26 Apr 2023
Jenny Wilson (University of Michigan, USA):
Stability patterns for braid groups and configuration spaces
cf.: arXiv:2201.04096
slides: pdf
video: YT
This talk will give an introduction of the field of ‘representation stability’. I will discuss how we can use representation theory to illuminate the structure of certain families of groups or topological spaces with actions of the symmetric groups, focusing on braid groups and configuration spaces as motivating examples.
3 May 2023
Martina Rovelli (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA):
$n$-Complicial sets as a model for $(\infty,n)$-categories
cf.: arXiv:1809.10621, arXiv:2206.02689
video: YT
The formalism of extended TQFTs relies the notion of an $(\infty,n)$-category: a categorical structure with morphisms in each dimension, which can be composed in a weakly associative way, and which are weakly invertible in dimension higher than $n$. In this expository talk I will describe the notion of an $n$-complicial set, explain the intuition for how this implements the idea of an $(\infty,n)$-category, and discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of this approach.
10 May 2023
David Ridout (University of Melbourne, Australia):
A (gentle) introduction to logarithmic conformal field theory
Conformal field theory is an integral part of modern mathematical physics with applications to statistical physics, string theory and pure mathematics. Textbooks teach us that such theories are built from chiral algebras (also called vertex operator algebras) with nice (semisimple) representation theories. But, what happens when the algebra has non-semisimple representations? This is the defining feature of logarithmic conformal field theory…
13 Sep 2023
Mayuko Yamashita (Kyoto University, Japan):
Topological Modular Forms and Heterotic String Theory
cf. arXiv:2305.06196, arXiv:2108.13542
In this talk, I will explain my works with Y. Tachikawa to study anomalies in heterotic string theory via homotopy theory, especially the theory of Topological Modular Forms (TMF). TMF is an E-infinity ring spectrum which is conjectured by Stolz-Teichner to classify two-dimensional supersymmetric quantum field theories in physics. In the previous work [arXiv:2108.13542], we proved the vanishing of anomalies in heterotic string theory mathematically using TMF. Additionally, we have a recent update on the previous work [arXiv:2305.06196]. Due to the vanishing result, we can consider a secondary transformation of spectra, which coincides with the Anderson self-duality morphism of TMF. This allows us to detect subtle torsion phenomena in TMF by differential-geometric methods.
20 Sep 2023
Ulrich Pennig (Cardiff University):
Equivariant Higher Twisted K-Theory of $SU(n)$ via Exponential Functors
video: YT
cf. arXiv:2307.00423
Twisted K-theory is a variant of topological K-theory that allows local coefficient systems called twists. For spaces and twists equipped with an action by a group, equivariant twisted K-theory provides an even finer invariant. Equivariant twists over Lie groups gained increasing importance in the subject due to a result by Freed, Hopkins and Teleman that relates the corresponding K-groups to the Verlinde ring of the associated loop group. From the point of view of homotopy theory only a small subgroup of all possible twists is considered in classical treatments of twisted K-theory. In this talk I will discuss an operator-algebraic model for equivariant higher (i.e. non-classical) twists over $SU(n)$ induced by exponential functors on the category of vector spaces and isomorphisms. These twists are represented by Fell bundles and the C*-algebraic picture allows a full computation of the associated K-groups at least in low dimensions. I will also draw some parallels of our results with the FHT theorem. This is joint work with D. Evans.
27 Sep 2023
Urs Schreiber (NYUAD, CQTS)
Quantum Channels as QuantumState Monad Transformations (Part II)
notes: here
The talk recalls some of the theory of “quantum channels” and then explains how this is captured by “monadic computation” with the linear version of the “State monad” – the “QuantumState Frobenius monad”.
4 Oct 2023
Grigorios Giotopoulos (NYUAD)
Classical field theory in the topos of smooth sets
notes: pdf
video: YT
By recalling the textbook description of a (variational) classical field theory and its critical locus of on-shell fields, I will list desiderata for a category in which this can rigorously take place. This category will consist of generalized smooth spaces, completely determined by “how they may be smoothly probed by finite dimensional manifolds”. By expanding on this intuition, I will describe how one naturally arrives at the definition of a smooth set as a “sheaf over the site of Cartesian spaces’’. I will then explain how the sheaf topos of smooth sets satisfies the desiderata of (variational) classical field theory. Time permitting, I will indicate how the setting naturally generalizes to include the description of fermionic fields, and (gauge) fields with internal symmetries.
11 Oct 2023
Cihan Okay (Bikent University):
Simplicial Distributions and Contextuality
video: YT
cf. arXiv:2204.06648
In modern homotopy theory, spaces are represented by combinatorial models called simplicial sets. Their elegant formulation gives them great expressive power to capture spaces up to homotopy. Simplicial distributions are basic mathematical objects that mix simplicial sets with probabilities. That is, they model probability distributions on spaces. In my talk, I will show how simplicial distributions provide a framework for studying a central quantum feature associated with probabilities, known as contextuality. A typical measurement scenario consists of a set of measurements and outcomes, whereas simplicial distributions can be defined for spaces of measurements and outcomes. Our approach unifies and goes beyond two earlier approaches: the sheaf-theoretic (Abramsky-Brandenburger) and group cohomological (Okay-Roberts-Bartlett-Raussendorf).
18 Oct 2023
Chris Kapulkin (Western University, Canada):
Calculus of Fractions for Quasicategories (Part I)
video: YT
cf.: arXiv:2306.02218
In their 1967 book “Calculus of Fractions and Homotopy Theory”, P. Gabriel and M. Zisman introduced calculus of fractions as a tool for understanding the localization of a category at a class of weak equivalences. While powerful, the condition of calculus of fractions is quite restrictive and it is rarely satisfied in various homotopical settings, like model categories or Brown‘s categories of fibrant objects, where one instead has homotopy calculus of fractions. This talk is based on a recent preprint arXiv:2306.02218, which aims to reconcile the two. We define calculus of fractions for quasicategories and give a workable model for marked quasicategories satisfying our condition. Although we have already found several applications of this result, we would be very interested in getting feedback from the audience and exploring new applications from diverse areas.
25 Oct 2023
Daniel Carranza (Western University, Canada):
Calculus of Fractions for Quasicategories (Part II)
video: YT
cf.: arXiv:2306.02218
In their 1967 book “Calculus of Fractions and Homotopy Theory”, P. Gabriel and M. Zisman introduced calculus of fractions as a tool for understanding the localization of a category at a class of weak equivalences. While powerful, the condition of calculus of fractions is quite restrictive and it is rarely satisfied in various homotopical settings, like model categories or Brown‘s categories of fibrant objects, where one instead has homotopy calculus of fractions. This talk is based on a recent preprint arXiv:2306.02218, which aims to reconcile the two. We define calculus of fractions for quasicategories and give a workable model for marked quasicategories satisfying our condition. Although we have already found several applications of this result, we would be very interested in getting feedback from the audience and exploring new applications from diverse areas.
01 Nov 2023
Juven Wang (Harvard University):
Ultra Unification, and Noninvertible Symmetry of the Standard Model from Gravitational Anomaly
cf.: arXiv:2012.15860, arXiv:arXiv:2302.14862
In the Standard Model, the total “sterile right-handed” neutrino number $n_{vR}$ is not equal to the family number $N_f$. The anomaly index $(-N_f + n_{vR})$ had been advocated to play an important role in the previous work on Cobordism and Deformation Class of the Standard Model [arxiv:2112.14765, arxiv:2204.08393] and Ultra Unification [arXiv:2012.15860], in order to predict new highly entangled sectors beyond the Standard Model. Ultra Unification would combine the Standard Model and Grand Unification, particularly for the models with 15 Weyl fermions per family, without the necessity of right-handed sterile neutrinos, by adding new gapped topological phase sectors (in 4d or 5d) or new gapless interacting conformal sectors (in 4d) consistent with the nonperturbative global anomaly cancellation and cobordism constraints (especially from the mixed gauge-gravitational anomaly, such as a $\mathbb{Z}_{16}$ class anomaly, associated with the baryon minus lepton number B−L and the electroweak hypercharge $Y$). Moreover, for the Standard Mode alone, the invertible B−L symmetry current conservation can be violated quantum mechanically by gravitational backgrounds such as gravitational instantons, hypothetically pertinent for leptogenesis in the very early universe. In specific, we show that a noninvertible categorical counterpart of the B−L symmetry still survives in gravitational backgrounds. In general, we construct noninvertible symmetry charge operators as topological defects derived from invertible anomalous symmetries that suffer from mixed gravitational anomalies. Examples include the perturbative local and nonperturbative global anomalies classified by $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Z}_{16}$ respectively. For this construction, we utilize the anomaly inflow concept, the 4d Pontryagin class and the gravitational Chern-Simons 3-form, the 3d Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev-type topological quantum field theory with a framing anomaly corresponding to a 2d rational conformal field theory with an appropriate chiral central charge, and the 4d $\mathbb{Z}_4$^{TF}-time-reversal symmetric topological superconductor with 3d boundary topological order [arxiv:2302.14862].
08 Nov 2023
Theo Johnson-Freyd (Dalhousie University):
Higher Dagger Categories
slides: pdf
video: YT
cf. categorified.net/dagger2023.html
Hilbert spaces form more than a category: their morphisms maps can be composed, but also every morphism $f : X \to Y$ has a distinguished “adjoint” $f^\dagger : Y \to X$, making it into a “dagger category”. This extra data is important for axiomatizing functional analysis, quantum mechanics, quantum information theory… However, the assignment $f \mapsto f^\dagger$ is unsatisfying from a higher category theorist‘s perspective because it is “evil”, i.e. it violates the principle of equivalence: a category equivalent to a dagger category may not admit a dagger structure. This in particular interferes with generalizing the notion of dagger category to the (non-strict) higher categories necessary for axiomatizing fully-local quantum field theory. In this talk I will propose a manifestly non-evil definition of “dagger $(\infty,n)$-category”. The same machinery also produce a non-evil definitions of “pivotal $(\infty,n)$-category” and helps to clarify the relationship between reflection positivity and spin-statistics. This is based on joint work with B. Bartlett, G. Ferrar, B. Hungar, C. Krulewski, L. Müller, N. Nivedita, D. Penneys, D. Reutter, C. Scheimbauer, L. Stehouwer, and C. Vuppulury.
15 Nov 2023
Christoph Dorn (Oxford University):
Manifold Diagrams – A Brief Report
slides: pdf
video: YT
cf.: arXiv:2208.13758
Manifold diagrams are the higher categorifications of string diagrams. They lie at the intersection of several interesting topics, such as: 1. The tangle and cobordism hypotheses, 2. The constructive description of free higher categorical structures, 3. The combinatorialization of differential structures and singularities. Nonetheless, the precise role of manifold diagrams in these topics remains largely mysterious. In this talk, we will focus on describing the basic interplay between (stratified) geometry, combinatorics, and (directed) cell complexes, exposed by the mathematical framework of manifold diagrams. This will include, in particular, two equivalent definitions of manifold diagrams, one geometric and one combinatorial, as well as a discussion of how these relate to the above topics
22 Nov 2023
Alberto Cattaneo (Zurich University, Switzerland):
Poisson Structures from Corners of Field Theories
slides: pdf
video: YT
cf. arXiv:2310.01877
The BV formalism and its shifted versions in field theory have a nice compatibility with boundary structures. Namely, one such structure in the bulk induces a shifted (possibly degenerated) version on its boundary, which can be interpreted as a Poisson structure (up to homotopy). I will present the results for some field theories, in particular, 4D BF theory and 4D gravity.
06 Dec 2023
Fiona Torzewska (University of Leeds, UK):
Topological Quantum Field Theories and Homotopy Cobordisms
cf: arXiv:2208.14504
I will begin by explaining the construction of a category $CofCos$, whose objects are topological spaces and whose morphisms are cofibrant cospans. Here the identity cospan is chosen to be of the form $X\to X\times [0,1]\rightarrow X$, in contrast with the usual identity in the bicategory $Cosp(V)$ of cospans over a category $V$. The category $CofCos$ has a subcategory $HomCob$ in which all spaces are homotopically 1-finitely generated. There exist functors into $HomCob$ from a number of categorical constructions which are potentially of use for modelling particle trajectories in topological phases of matter: embedded cobordism categories and motion groupoids for example. Thus, functors from $HomCob$ into Vect give representations of the aforementioned categories. I will also construct a family of functors $Z_G\colon HomCob\to Vect$, one for each finite group $G$, and show that topological quantum field theories previously constructed by Yetter, and an untwisted version of Dijkgraaf-Witten, generalise to functors from $HomCob$. I will construct this functor in such a way that it is clear the images are finite dimensional vector spaces, and the functor is explicitly calculable. I will also give example calculations throughout.
External presentations reporting on work at CQTS.
15 Sep 2022 at PlanQC 2022
Urs Schreiber on joint work with Hisham Sati:
Topological Quantum Programming in TED-K
slides: pdf (view full screen)
video: YT
extended abstract: arXiv:2209.08331
16 Sep 2022 at Math Faculty Meeting, NYU Abu Dhabi
Urs Schreiber on joint work with Hisham Sati:
Practical Foundations for Topological Quantum Programming
slides: pdf
12 Nov 2022 at Workshop on Quantum Software, satellite of QTML 2022 (Naples, Italy)
Urs Schreiber on joint work with D. J. Myers, M. Riley and H. Sati:
Quantum Data Types via Linear Homotopy Type Theory
slides: pdf
The proper concept of data types in quantum programming languages, hence of their formal verification and categorical semantics, has remained somewhat elusive, as witnessed by the issue of “dynamic lifting” encountered in the Quipper language family. In this talk I explain our claim that a powerful quantum data type-system elegantly solving these problems is naturally provided by the linear homotopy type theory recently realized by M. Riley. Together with our previous claim that homotopy type theory natively knows about the fine detail of $\mathfrak{su}$(2)-anyon braid quantum gates, this shows that linear homotopy type theory is a natural substrate for typed quantum programming languages aware of topological quantum hardware.
17 Dec 2022 at AQIS 2022
Braidless Topological Quantum Teleportation
poster: pdf
on quantum teleportation with/of anyons
15 Jan 2023
M-theory and matter via Twisted Equivariant Differential (TED) K-theory
talk at M-Theory and Mathematics 2023, NYU Abu Dhabi
[links]
15 Jan 2023
Topological Quantum Gates from M-Theory
talk at M-Theory and Mathematics 2023, NYU Abu Dhabi
[links]
20 Feb 2023
Simulating an all-optical quantum controlled-NOT gate using soliton scattering by a reflectionless potential well
talk at UAE U Nonlinear Physics Group Conference, Al Ain
Asif Equbal (far left) and Amaria Javed (far right)
10 Apr 2023
How do you identify one thing with another? – an intro to Homotopy Type Theory
talk at Prof. Sadok Kallel‘s colloquium,
American University of Sharjah
slides: pdf
Effective Quantum Certification via Linear Homotopy Types — Part I
talk at Colloquium of the Topos Institute
slides: pdf (view full screen)
video: YT
Effective Quantum Certification via Linear Homotopy Types — Part II
talk at Colloquium of the Topos Institute
slides: pdf (view full screen)
video: YT
Principal Investigator:
co-PIS:
for more see here
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Researchers:
Last revised on December 6, 2023 at 08:08:00. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.